The Zoom H2 is a pocket-sized recorder with four microphone capsules on top. These are arranged as two pointing forwards at 90 degrees apart, and two facing backwards separated by 120 degrees. Recordings are saved onto an SD card, for which 4GB capacity is easy to come by, and 8GB is now available. The device can record a stereo file from either the front or the rear capsule pair, or their combination, or it can record both pairs into two stereo files simultaneously for quad surround. It also has a range of sample rates available. An intriguing aspect is that it only has three spot settings for the sensitivity (a continuous level control that appears to be available is only a digital gain after the ADC, and so has no influence on clipping). The device will only write 2GB files; longer recordings can be made, and the device will swap to a new file - a recent firmware update added buffering so that there is no gap between successive files.
Consider each cardioid Lf, Rf, Lb, and Rb, to be a perfect combination of an omni signal and a figure of 8 signal of the same level; assume they are coincident (this is already falling apart at about 5kHz). Simple trigonometry and the B-format definition show us that these correspond to B-format signals as follows:
Lf = W * sqrt(2) + X * cos(45) + Y * cos(45) = 1.414W + 0.707X + 0.707Y
Rf = W * sqrt(2) + X * cos(45) - Y * cos(45) = 1.414W + 0.707X - 0.707Y
Lb = W * sqrt(2) - X * cos(60) + Y * cos(30) = 1.414W - 0.5X + 0.866Y
Rb = W * sqrt(2) - X * cos(60) - Y * cos(30) = 1.414W - 0.5X - 0.866Y
We can cancel Y by summing left and right to give Front and Back:
F = Lf + Rf = 2*1.414W + 1.414X
B = Lb + Rb = 2*1.414W - X
So cancelling out the X and W terms in turn, we get:
W = (F / 1.414 + B) / (2 + 2*1.414)
X = (F - B) / (1.414 + 1)
To get Y, we can take the differences of the two microphone pairs, thus cancelling both W and X components, to give two sideways figure of eights consisting only of Y:
Yf = Lf - Rf = 1.414Y
Yb = Lb - Rb = 1.732Y
It is a matter of taste how one combines these to get a final consensus of the Y value; I give them equal weight, which means that the capsules pointing more to the sides contribute more - this seems fair:
Y = (Yf + Yb) / (1.414 + 1.732)
You can see these values (taken to a completely unjustified 6 decimal places) in the Plogue Bidule setup shown below (AudioMulch is not suitable for this, as it doesn't have the maths functions).
Actually, I won't bother. The results are poor. You really do need to have well matched capsules in a more compact arrangement, and then calibrate them, for this to be worth considering.
Some people are experimenting with attaching a tetrahedral capsule arrangement to the top of the H2 to make a self-contained ambisonic recorder, which can then be calibrated and processed in a manner similar to the TetraMic. This is an interesting approach.